Feb 15, 1994 – Isaac Newton versus the Global Forum #Manchester

The piece below is re-posted from All Our Yesterdays: 365 Climate Histories. We’re delighted to be co-hosting an online event ‘What can we learn from the death of Abbey Pond?’ with AOY next Thursday, 24 February. Sign up here if you want to better understand how today’s activists can learn from past attempts to save green space in Manchester

On the 15th of February 1994, a brilliant anti-bullshit piece of political theatre took place.

Picture the scene. In a few months Manchester was supposed to host a major international environmental event. But amidst budget cuts and cost blowouts the organisation in charge had just lost its second head honcho in six months.

Meanwhile, the Council was embroiled in a high profile physical battle with well-connected, brave and intelligent people trying to protect a site of nature within spitting distance of the city centre (Abbey Pond).

In retrospect, the first (and only) public meeting of the “Manchester Global Forum board was always going to be hard to pull off.

Here’s one witness’s take of the scene

It was in the run up to Global Forum. It’s just beginning to get off the ground. We were quite deeply cynical about this, but they did genuinely try to involve the community, so this was an open meeting to discuss the aims and objectives of Global Forum. 

So that was Councillor Spencer,  the figurehead for the Council and other people  named in that press cutting. 

Now the enterprising Earth First!ers, and lovely students, were  very creative. They  made papier mache in, buckets, they got some wire, they made a framework. then covered it in black bean bags and made a face and it took 4 people to carry it,  wasn’t heavy, but quite long. And it was our mascot and they christened him Isaac Newt.  He was finished just in time for this open meeting and xxx organised so they could hear it from the newts.  Our pallbearers, just let it all get settled sort of kept in the shadows and then very slowly marched in with Isaac Newt. 

No shouting, in silence, marched straight down the central aisle. Up to the dais and plonked very gently  in front of all the speakers and just sat back and enjoyed  the effect 

And here’s a newspaper account the following day.

As Unity Stack observes, it ticked all the boxes for a classic stunt:

  • Image says more than words ever could – controversial in all the right ways and left field, but conveyed simple message, save the newts, had impact
  • Non violent and time limited, the retreat was almost as impactful as the unexpected entry
  • Had the chuckle factor, even if the high table didn’t think so at the time, embarrassment factor just right
  • The perpetrators remained in control of the situation, so stayed in charge of the message, not hijacked by police or security actions.


Every day from Friday 11th to Thursday 24th February,  All Our Yesterdays will be feature posts (sometimes two!) to celebrate the Republic of Newtonia – a brief occupation of a site in Hulme in defence of Abbey Pond (near the Old Abbey Taphouse). In 1994, local people and environmental activists tried to stop the Council and the Science Park from filling in the much-loved pond. If you were there, and want to share your memories (and any photos or other material) please do get in touch via mcmonthly@manchesterclimatemonthly or on Twitter – @mcr_climate

On Thurs 24th, the 28th anniversary of the Pond’s destruction, there is an online meeting, from 7.30pm, bringing together people who were at the Republic of Newtonia with campaigners defending green spaces now. You can book here (it’s free).

The background is this. Like other cities, Manchester had been caught on the backfoot, by the wave of “eco-concern” in 1988 and 89. It had signed up to Friends of the Earth’s “Environment Charter” and not done very much. And it wasn’t until UK Prime Minister John Major declared that Britain would host the follow up to the Rio Earth Summit, and Manchester bid to do so that things moved into higher gear. The Global Forum was supposed to be a large all singing all dancing international event while the world waited for the Rio Earth Summit, to be ratified by enough nations to pass into law. In the end, Rio was ratified more quickly than people have anticipated. And the budget for Global Forum got hacked, leaving Manchester with egg on its face. This was apparent already by the time of the “Partnerships for Change” events in September 93, but in February 94 they were still putting a brave face on things, Manchester said that it was all going to be okay. And as we’ll find out in June, it wasn’t.

Why this matters. 

Because you have to understand that cities take on these agendas for other reasons in order to try and reinvent themselves in Manchester’s case, and along with the Olympic bid, (which ultimately morphed into the Commonwealth Games). Manchester leaders have always used environment as part of its marketing strategy, rather than its actual industrial strategy or decision making process.

What happened next

Manchester Council continued making absurd promises, which it did not keep.

See February 24th entry for early gory details…

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